Top State Dept. Asia Diplomat, Whose Nomination Is on Hold, Has a Record of Pandering to Beijing
A State Department career diplomat who tentatively heads the nation’s top diplomatic office for East Asia has a marked record of pandering to the pressures of the People’s Republic of China, in contrast to Trump administration’s broader strategy to push back against Beijing’s aggression. The Epoch Times has also learned that the senior diplomat, whose nomination is now on hold, may have made misleading statements to the Senate during her confirmation hearing in February.
Susan Thornton, a career State Department officer, has been filling in as the acting assistant secretary for East Asian and Pacific affairs since March 2017, a position that leads the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (EAP). EAP is one of the Department’s most important offices, administrating U.S. policies and diplomatic relations with dozens of countries across the Asia-Pacific region.
Thornton’s formal nomination to the position did not come until December 2017, when then Secretary of State Rex Tillerson finally assuaged the opposition from other administration officials. They had thought the career bureaucrat to be too soft on Beijing and ill-suited to head the U.S. diplomatic effort toward Asia at a time when Trump administration is hardening U.S. strategy to confront the challenges posed by the Chinese regime.
However, Tillerson was fired by President Donald Trump in March before Thornton could be formally confirmed by the Senate, and there are reports that Thornton’s nomination is in a state of limbo, although she could be expected to stay in her current acting position for months before Mike Pompeo is able to find a successor.
Some pointed to Thornton’s nomination hearing on Feb. 15 as where things started to go wrong for her.
During the hearing Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) repeatedly pressed Thornton to answer why the flag of Taiwan was mysteriously removed in January from the websites of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs. Taiwan expressed great disappointment about the change, which was perceived by international observers as a sign that the United States could be caving into Beijing’s pressure.
In response Thornton said only that the removal of Taiwan’s flag was consistent with U.S. policy but declined to specify why it was done on her watch.
“The Consular Affairs Bureau rolled out a new website for travel advisory that was done through a contract, was not seen by our office, following the publication we don’t recognize Taiwan as an independent country and we don’t recognize the flag of the ROC as a country where we have official relations,” Thornton said to Rubio.
Thornton’s testimony has since been disputed by Congressman Ted Yoho (R-Fla.), the chairman of the subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific under the House foreign affairs committee, who said that the flag removal was in fact prompted by a 2015 change to the State Department’s internal, unpublished “Guidelines on Relations with Taiwan.”
Yoho first told this to The Epoch Times on Feb. 14, one day before Thornton’s testimony, and said that he received the information based on an inquiry he made to the State Department. Yoho has since discussed this situation in an op-ed published in the National Interest, and said Thornton’s Senate testimony obscures the fact that the alteration of the “Guidelines” was “an affirmative policy choice.”
According to Yoho, the decision to modify the guidelines was made under the Obama administration and executed under the Trump administration, whose high-level officials were taken by surprise when they came across news of the Taiwan flag being removed from U.S. websites.
“In 2015, a new version of the memo was issued, which included a new rule prohibiting the display of Taiwan ‘symbols of sovereignty’ on U.S. government websites or online accounts.” Yoho wrote. “It appears that the new rule in the memo, not longstanding policy, is the true reason for the removal of Taiwan’s flag.”
Yoho also said that it is “difficult to believe” that Thornton, who was the deputy assistant secretary of her current bureau in 2015, would have been unaware of such a change.
The Epoch Times could not independently verify Yoho’s information regarding the decision made by the Obama administration. But State Department insiders say that the Taiwan guidelines Yoho referred to indeed exist, though their content has rarely been made available to the public.
“The decision [to modify the guidelines] could have been a stealth decision when Daniel Russel was Assistant Secretary because, if publicly known, it would have aroused considerable anger in Taiwan,” said William Stanton, a former U.S. diplomat who served from 2009 to 2012 as the director of American Institute in Taiwan, the de facto U.S. embassy on the island nation.
Stanton, who has since retired and is a professor in the National Taiwan University, said that U.S. government contractors are unlikely to make the move to remove the flag of Taiwan on their own, as Thornton initially suggested to Rubio. He also said that it is “improbable” that a career diplomat such as Thornton would misspeak with regard to such a controversial event in a Senate hearing.
The State Department’s EAP Bureau has responded to Epoch Times’ request for a comment with only a short policy talking point, and did not address any questions concerning Thornton’s hearing or the removal of Taiwan’s flag. The Epoch Times could not reach Thornton directly for comment.
“The United States remains committed to our one-China policy based on the three joint communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA). Our longstanding policy has not changed, which has been consistent across decades and Presidential Administrations,” said Grace Choi, the State Department spokesperson.
Pandering to Beijing’s Pressure
Susan Thornton’s nomination is being actively opposed by Sen. Marco Rubio and other Trump administration officials who thought to harden State Department’s stance toward the Chinese regime, at a time when Trump’s national security strategy specifically labeled China as a strategic rival in response to the regime’s ever-growing aggression.
“On every tactical question of consequence on Asia since the inauguration, Susan has been opposed to taking serious action to counter Chinese economic and political aggression,” the Washington Post reported previously, quoting a senior White House official.
“She is part of the same group of entrenched bureaucrats that Trump promised to change,” June Teufel Dreyer, professor of political science at the University of Miami, told The Epoch Times. Dreyer also pointed out that Thornton’s conciliatory stance toward Beijing is sharply at odds with that of John Bolton, Trump’s new national security adviser, who is well-known for advocating a hardline approach in dealing with China.
In the same Feb. 15 Senate hearing, Rubio also pressed Thornton to answer why the State Department blocked efforts by the FBI on May 26, 2017 to arrest a group of intelligence agents from China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS) who, in clear violation of U.S. laws, traveled from China to New York under transit visas to approach Guo Wengui, an exiled Chinese billionaire who has been critical of the Chinese regime.
Thornton admitted that the State Department, through an interagency conference call, had pushed to block the FBI officers, who were already surrounding the Chinese intelligence agents, from taking them into custody. But she insisted that she was “not sure” whether she or her EAP bureau had been involved in the process.
Should the four MSS agents have been arrested at the time, it would have triggered a major international incident between Washington and Beijing and would have embarrassed the Chinese regime, which had sought to suppress any news reports about Guo and to downplay its intelligence activities in the United States.
The Epoch Times has also learned from a defense industry source, who preferred not to be named, that for years Thornton has been deeply opposed to approving a marketing license for U.S. companies to help with Taiwan’s submarine program, a support that Taiwan requested for years but was only granted on April 7.
The same source, who possesses insider knowledge of U.S.-Taiwan arms sales, also said that the sudden change of heart by the State Department might have been a deliberate move by Thornton in an effort to gain new Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s backing, as he is considering whether to replace her.
Beijing has vehemently protested the U.S. decision to help with Taiwan’s submarine program, just as it has routinely protested every arms sales to Taiwan the United States has approved. Many analysts and the Taiwan military itself say a new fleet of submarines is badly needed for Taiwan to counter the Chinese regime’s military threat, but years of waiting for U.S. approval to help has significantly delayed this process.
Susan Thornton has also been less than enthusiastic about confronting Chinese regime’s many human rights abuses in her capacity of leading U.S. diplomatic efforts, according to Bob Fu, founder of ChinaAid, a Midland, Texas-based human rights NGO that focuses on providing aid to Christians in China who are persecuted by the regime.
Bob Fu told The Epoch Times on March 13 that a former official at the State Department, who now works at the House foreign affairs committee, revealed to him just recently that “more than 80 percent” of the new initiatives internally proposed within the State Department to highlight or address China’s human rights abuses have been “killed” by Thornton’s EAP bureau.
“She is a bureaucrat, a gatekeeper,” said Bob Fu, “no one there [at the EAP bureau’s China desk] wants to move forward with those human rights initiatives on China.”
By Paul Huang